Cancer cells can occur when there is something that triggers the bone marrow to over-produce blood cells. This excess production is in an uncontrolled stage and causes malfunction. Usually, this happens with specific causes and reasons, so it turns into blood cancer.
You will understand the mechanism of abnormalities in blood cells in the early stages of blood cell cancer through this review. There is also other information that is all related to blood cells so that you who are healthy will also be able to avoid this disease. While those of you who already have this disease can be motivated to recover.
Table of Contents
- 1 Some Causes of Blood Cancer
- 2 Get to Know the Type of Blood Cancer
- 3 Blood Cancer Signs
- 4 Lab Test for Blood Cancer Diagnosing
- 5 Treatments of Blood Cancer
- 6 Conclusions
Some Causes of Blood Cancer
Everyone needs to understand that there are many things that can trigger the formation of blood cancer cells. Although it all starts with abnormal DNA that is mutated and out of control. There are several things that can trigger DNA mutations, such as age, family history, radiation, and chemical exposure.
1. Aging Triggers DNA Mutation in Bone Marrow
You are curious about how age can become a blood cancer cause and you have to know the facts that every aging can cause mutation. Changing DNA replication can lead to malfunctioning blood. That is why there are certain types of species that mostly attack the elderly.
You need to invest in your old age from now on and still maintain a healthy lifestyle when you get older. This prevention is really effective to avoid the DNA mutation toward bone marrow.
2. Family History Affect How Vulnerable Your DNA Structure
You need to know if your extended family has a blood cell disorder. If so, then the possibility of each offspring from your family is more susceptible to this blood disorder. Although there is indeed no clear explanation of why this can happen.
3. Radiation Impacts on DNA Mutation
Everyone cannot avoid radiation, because radiation is everywhere. You surely know that when the sun starts to shine, it is radiation. Mopping the basement of a house and being exposed to radon and working in a nuclear power plant also makes people exposed to radiation.
The body continues to be bombarded with radiation with short and long wavelengths. In low doses, the body will still be able to regenerate and neutralize the effects of radiation on the body. However, when radiation exposure is included in the high dose category, the body will no longer be able to cope. You know that some radiation has the ability to break and mutate the DNA.
Get to Know the Type of Blood Cancer
Blood disorder itself there are many types. Each blood disorder has a different mechanism and cause. There are 4 blood cancer types that you can refer to below.
Leukemia itself also has several categories, but the most common is white blood cell cancer. White blood itself has a function in defending the body from various viral infections, bacteria, fungi, and also abnormal cells. White blood cells in leukemia sufferers can divide too fast and actually attack red blood cells.
2. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Most of you only know that white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow. Though white blood cells are also developed by the lymphocytes system. When there is an anomaly in the development of red blood cells in the lymphocytes, this type is included in the category of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma. There will be an existence of anomaly cell of Reed-Sternberg.
3. Hodgkin Lymphoma
This type of blood disorder has the presence of the Reed-Sternberg cell in lymphocytes. The only doctor who can determine whether it is Hodgkin Lymphoma or not under the microscope. It is important to know Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin lymphoma so that patients can get the proper treatment as a blood cancer cure.
4. Multiple Myeloma
You can find out all things related to myeloma through the website of the International Myeloma Foundation. Chairman of the IMF Dr. Brian G. Durie said that patients with myeloma are more vulnerable to COVID-19 infections or various other infections.
Those patients need to struggle to minimize the contamination and infections of COVID-19 to their bodies. There are several procedures that they can follow, such as avoiding direct contact with an infected person, washing hands often with soap at least 20 seconds even WHO suggest people to wash until 30 seconds to kill more COVID-19.
Blood Cancer Signs
Each type of cancer of blood disorders has different blood cancer symptoms. There are also some people who do not show any symptoms until they have severe stages. Some of the same symptoms for each cancer of this blood disorder can you see the following.
1. Frequent Cough and Chest Pain
People who suffer from cough or chest pain often can indeed not be a sign of abnormalities in blood cells. However, one sign that occurs in every leukemia patient is often experiencing a cough.
This can occur due to swelling in the neck, armpits, or groin that pushes other organs around it. If what is urged is the respiratory pathway, then surely the patient will easily feel shortness of breath.
2. Fever or Shivering
Another sign when you experience abnormalities in the blood is chills or easy sweating at night. This often happens and is a sign that white blood cells cannot work well in fighting infections from outside the body.
If you also experience the first and second symptoms, then you need to be suspicious of cancer cells that develop in the lymph nodes, liver, spleen, and tonsils. Your appetite to eat will easily lose after eating a small amount of food and this causes lose a lot of weight.
3. The skin often becomes itchy
Too much eating calcium-rich foods can cause calcium concentrations in the blood to be high and cause interference with the kidneys. This also happens when there are certain proteins produced by anomalous blood cells. Sufferers will often experience itching on the skin and some natural sufferers of ankle swelling.
Lab Test for Blood Cancer Diagnosing
You may have complete symptoms of cancer of blood so that you decide to consult at a hospital. The doctor will suggest you do the lab test to check whether there is a cancer of the blood or not inside your body. The lab will take a sample of your blood and do a check to detect complete blood count, blood protein testing, and tumor marker test.
1. Complete Blood Count Test (CBC)
The CBC test allows the laboratory assistant to count various types of blood cells in the patient’s body. There is a standard number for each blood cell. When there is an abnormal amount, the doctor may suggest a blood cancer test called bone marrow biopsy. The doctor will be able to find out whether cancer cells are formed or not.
2. Blood Protein Testing
Another test that is useful for detecting anomalies in the blood is by using electrophoresis. This method can be useful to detect the presence of protein content and types in the blood. When there are abnormal proteins called immunoglobulins. When the number of immunoglobulins increases it is common in people with multiple myeloma.
3. Tumor Marker Tests
In the medical world, there are ways to detect the presence of tumors by using special chemicals. These chemicals can tell that there are tumors in blood cells.
4. Circulating Tumor Cell Tests
Every cancer or tumor will surely be swept away in the bloodstream. However, this method is still rarely used in the world of health.
Treatments of Blood Cancer
There are many types of treatment for a blood disorder. Each has a different treatment mechanism and you can refer to the following blood cancer cure.
1. Intensive Treatment
Treatment that uses strong dosage methods to kill cancer cells or stop the circulation and spread of cancer cells. This treatment usually involves chemotherapy with high doses of medication as well. In addition, this treatment can also do stem cell transplants.
Intensive treatment allows the doctor to use the immunotherapies method also so that patients can boost their immune system to destroy cancer cells. Radiotherapy can also apply to kill cancer cells and often use for blood cancer treatment. The last intensive treatments are surgery. This surgery can remove the cancer cell.
2. Non-intensive Treatment
The second treatment is more mild, so patients do not get severe side effects, such as intensive treatments. This is commonly used in patients at an early stage and serves to reduce the rate of development of cancer cells or tumors. There are only two types of treatments, such as low dose chemotherapy and immunotherapies.
Information about blood disorders can be useful to prevent many things that trigger these disorders. For people with blood, disorders can better understand what types of treatments can be applied. If there are people who experience symptoms that have been described, then you can immediately consult a doctor.
When the doctor gives a referral to do a blood abnormality test, it does not mean you have been affected by the disorder. That’s just to make sure you are healthy or not. A positive attitude of thinking about everything that happens still needs to be applied. You can share this blood cancer to other people.