Tonsil cancer is generally attacking tonsil cells. Tonsils are located in the mouth as part of the immune system that fights germs. In terms of cancer, there is something called staging. Likewise, in tonsil cancer, there is also a tonsil cancer staging.
Cancer staging has an important function because it affects several things; namely, what treatment doctors need to deal with cancer cells and the possibility or risk that may occur.
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Tonsil Cancer Staging
When someone is diagnosed with a cancerous condition, the doctor will tell him the type of cancer that he is experiencing. Likewise, if you have a history of tonsil cancer, your doctor will immediately classify the stage of your condition.
In general, the earlier cancer stadium is known to be easier to treat. Cancer treatment at an early stage can use radiation.
However, cancer that has entered its final stage – which has spread to other areas – will require chemotherapy.
Here is a system to determine the stage of cancer commonly used by doctors.
1. TNM System
The cancer staging system is commonly in treatment. This system gives letters and numbers to cancer to describe tumors (T), lymph nodes (N), and how many cancers have metastasized (M). The function of this system is to help determine the overall stage of cancer.
- A tumor (T)
This T category will provide information about age, such as its size, how much, and whether the tumor has spread to other tissues. For example T0: means that no tumor can be measured. The higher the number is the bigger the tumor size.
- Lymph Nodes (N)
Category N explains whether cancer has spread to lymph nodes. N will be followed by the number 0-3. The lymph nodes will fight viruses and bacteria before they infect the body.
If the result is N0, lymph nodes are not involved. The higher the number, the more spread of cancer cells in the lymph nodes.
- Metastasis (M)
M shows that cancer spreads to other bodies. It will be classified as M1 if cancer has spread to organs and tissues in other body parts. And it will be classified as M0 if there is no distribution.
2. Tonsil Cancer Staging
After T, N, and M are determined, the doctor will set the stage of cancer from the number 0-4. The following are 4 stages in tonsil cancer.
- Stage 0 means there are no cancer cells in a person’s body, but there are abnormal cells that might potentially become cancer cells.
- Stage I means the cancer is small in size and only found in one place.
- Stage II and III means that the size of the cancer is larger and growing to the surrounding tissue.
- Stage IV is that cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body.
Detect cancer as early as possible, so that treatment can be more easily done. Knowing tonsil cancer staging is important so that you are not too late to treat it. From now on, get used to a healthy lifestyle.