Every woman must be afraid of cancer that attacks the vaginal area or vulva. That sense of worry is very reasonable. However, worry is not enough without real action to know about vulvar cancer symptoms.
In this article, you will explore further about vulvar cancer, its causes, symptoms, and prevention efforts that you should pay attention to. Let’s understand it more seriously.
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Vulvar Cancer Symptoms
The vulva is part of a woman’s external sexual organs surrounding the urethra opening and vagina. It is including the clitoris and labia.
Vulvar cancer attacks the outer surface of the female genital area. It generally forms lumps or sores on the vulva. Cancer most often occurs in old age.
1. Common Symptoms
Although each type of vulvar cancer has specific symptoms, there are some common symptoms that women suffer from. Vulvar cancer can cause irritating itching in the vulva area.
The following are other vulvar cancer symptoms:
- Bleeding that does not originate from menstruation.
- It changes in skin conditions, such as skin color and thickness. The skin can be red, white or dark.
- There are moles in the vulva area that change shape or color.
- Lumps that resemble pimples, boils, or open sores
- Pain or sensitivity to pain in the pelvic area, especially when having sex
- Feels painful, especially when urinating
As many as 50 percents of cases of vulvar cancer attack the labia majora (outer “lips” of the female genitalia), followed by labia minora (inner “lips”)
Due to the location of the vulva in the pubic area, many women feel ashamed to consult about this complaint to the doctor.
Early diagnosis can increase the success rate of therapy and cure. See your doctor immediately if you feel the symptoms as above.
2. Vulvar Cancer Prevention
Carrying out regular medical check-ups can help you monitor your health while detecting unknown diseases. Discuss with your doctor about the ideal time for regular medical check-ups.
You can also consult about the pelvic examination schedule. The pelvic examination procedure will provide information about the condition of your internal reproductive organs.
Some preventive steps to reduce the vulvar cancer risk, including:
- Use a condom every time you have sex.
- No free sex.
- Get an HPV vaccine. This vaccine can reduce the risk of developing vulvar cancer and is recommended for girls aged 12-13 years.
3. Cancer Therapy
In addition to medical treatment, there are two therapies handling for vulvar cancer that are commonly used, as follows:
Patients with vulvar cancer with the spread of cancer cells in other areas of the body can choose the chemotherapy method to help kill cancer cells. Medications can be taken or inserted through a vein in the arm.
- Radiation therapy
Radiation therapy can not only shrink cancer cells but can also be used in cases of cancer cells that have spread to lymph nodes after undergoing surgery. Therapy is done by exposing high-energy energy, such as X-rays, to the area that has been determined on the surface of the skin.
Everyone is at risk of getting cancer. So it is very important to be aware and know the vulvar cancer symptoms early on. Most cancer sufferers just realize or know the disease after entering a fairly severe stadium.